A Keycloak production environment provides secure authentication and authorization for deployments that range from on-premise deployments that support a few thousand users to deployments that serve millions of users.
This guide describes the general areas of configuration required for a production ready Keycloak environment. This information focuses on the general concepts instead of the actual implementation, which depends on your environment. The key aspects covered in this guide apply to all environments, whether it is containerized, on-premise, GitOps, or Ansible.
Keycloak continually exchanges sensitive data, which means that all communication to and from Keycloak requires a secure communication channel. To prevent several attack vectors, you enable HTTP over TLS, or HTTPS, for that channel.
In a production environment, Keycloak instances usually run in a private network, but Keycloak needs to expose certain public facing endpoints to communicate with the applications to be secured.
For details on the endpoint categories and instructions on how to configure the public hostname for them, see the Configuring the hostname guide.
Apart from [Setting the hostname for Keycloak], production environments usually include a reverse proxy / load balancer component. It separates and unifies access to the network used by your company or organization. For a Keycloak production environment, this component is recommended.
For details on configuring proxy communication modes in Keycloak, see the Using a reverse proxy guide. That guide also recommends which paths should be hidden from public access and which paths should be exposed so that Keycloak can secure your applications.
The database used by Keycloak is crucial for the overall performance, availability, reliability and integrity of Keycloak. For details on how to configure a supported database, see the Configuring the database guide.
To ensure that users can continue to log in when a Keycloak instance goes down, a typical production environment contains two or more Keycloak instances.
Keycloak runs on top of JGroups and Infinispan, which provide a reliable, high-availability stack for a clustered scenario. When deployed to a cluster, the embedded Infinispan server communication should be secured. You secure this communication either by enabling authentication and encryption or by isolating the network used for cluster communication.
To find out more about using multiple nodes, the different caches and an appropriate stack for your environment, see the Configuring distributed caches guide.